First, I would like to thank Beethoven for making my life easier and naming his rondo "rondo". And what's more, his third movement, Pathetique, of the Piano Sonata in C minor is a typical seven part rondo. Woot! So...the form is ABA C ADA. In the first part, the A section is in, of course, i. The B section moves to the relative key of III, Eb. The middle episode, C, modulates to Ab major-the VI of c minor. An in the recapitulation, all three sections remain in c minor. Nice and normal. Beethoven uses transitions to modulate to the new keys and to re-transition to the original key in the final episode. The transitions consist of some fun eighth note patterns and runs, keeping the piece in a forward moving fashion and keeping the listener anxiously awaiting the next section. The main theme is mostly in the right hand, but appears in the left hand a few times. This movement doesn't have an introduction, but it does have a nice little coda at the end.
My personal favorite part of the coda is the last nine measures. Measure 202.4-204.1 borrow the initial motive of the A section in a lower key. Then in msr. 204.4-206.1 Beethoven repeats the same motive up an octave. The next two measures are easy quarter notes, a little tribute to bits of the C section (like the easy half notes and such at measure 79). And of course, the best part-the last two measures-quick, LOUD, eighth note run with a final quarter note chord. A surprising twist of an ending. Way to keep it entertaining, Beethoven. = )